'...the Sun is always at its meridian with respect to Freemasonry.'
Dr John Theophilus Desaguliers was the father of Modern Freemasonry, and in my first book The Genesis of Freemasonry, I put forward how he modernised the ritual of Freemasonry during the 1720s and created the 'three degrees'. Desaguliers was a natural philosopher, poet, Minister and Freemason, and he he was also a 'disciple' of Sir Isaac Newton. He was certainly interested in Newton's work - an aspect of which was Newton's search for the true dimensions of Solomon's Temple. Desaguliers was also a Fellow of the Royal Society, following the footsteps of other illustrious Freemasons such as Elias Ashmole, Sir Robert Moray and Sir Christopher Wren.
Along with Dr James Anderson, Desaguliers reconstructed the Masonic ritual, creating the three degrees which project the themes of the search for lost knowledge, and the moralistic and majestic story of Hiram Abiff. Part 4 of my posts will look at how Victorian Freemasons also searched for lost knowledge.